It’s a good time of year to talk about herbs. The earth is awaking, but in Meadville, Pennsylvania, we still have another month of winter. This is what I tell myself each year, that winter lasts through March – so that I’m not so upset when the snow keeps coming.
In my husband’s rubber boots, I walk through the crunchy-wet snow to check how things are growing. Brave and hardy, new-sprung leaves are poking through the ice. I always worry about them, and wish I could tuck them up warm. They need another mama while the earth pulls her nasty pranks on them and leaves them to shiver.
I love all the things I grow, but I love my herb garden best of all. I could live there, petting and breathing.
Here is a picture-list of the herbs I grow, with notes about what I’ve learned about them. This post is for gardeners, and those who are hungry for the sight of something green.
Basil – annual
I’ve had the hardest time growing basil, though it’s supposed to be so easy. I always start it indoors, but it doesn’t like being transplanted. Last year I finally coaxed a mature outdoor plant along to the seed stage. I shook some of its seeds into the soil last fall, and I saved more of them. I hope it will reseed and start again in the spring.
Bee balm – perennial
I haven’t found any practical uses for bee balm, but I love its showy red flowers. They look like roosters on stems.
Catmint – perennial if left alone
I’m not sure if the winter or the kitties killed this poor baby a year ago. I need to buy a new one in the spring. My cats LOVE this herb. I once saw my cat rolling around in the mulch of the herb bed, sniffing and rubbing her face. I went over to look and found, where I’d thought the catmint already dead, a tiny one-inch shoot that she was rubbing into the ground. Silly kitty.
German Chamomile – self-seeding annual
Such a dainty herb, like an old-fashioned girl in petticoats. I gave up on my chamomile returning last spring and bought another plant, but then, late in spring, I noticed the darlingest little fronds poking up around the old planting site. I guess they just needed more thyme.
Chives – perennial
Cilantro – self-seeding annual
How do you keep cilantro from going to seed so fast? If you cut it all off, does that help? Mine always bolts. But once you have cilantro growing in your garden, you will have cilantro till you die. It self-seeds prodigiously. It’s also easy to save seeds to share with a friend.
Dill – self-seeding annual
Here’s another herb that doesn’t like being transplanted. I almost gave up on growing dill, but finally a scattering of seeds in spring yielded tender plants that grew to maturity. Now that they’ve begun self-seeding in my garden, I hope I’m set forever. Plants just know when to drop their jewels, and when to start those new seeds sprouting in spring. They have a natural system I can’t replicate artificially.
Echinacea – perennial
Also known as purple coneflower, this tall beauty spreads and brings me joy. It makes lovely, long-lasting cut flower arrangements (bottom right of photo).
Lavender – perennial
Lavender is my favorite scent of all my herbs. It makes lovely dried bundles to hang in your house. These plants have been slow to take off for me, but I grow both white and purple.
Lemon balm – perennial
Lemon balm spreads like the chickens, as my brother would say, requiring aggressive action to keep it contained. (Good grief. I guess the chickens are following the roosters into this post.)
Lemongrass – perennial
Here’s a new one I tried last year. I like to chew the grass blades; they’re so lemony it’s startling.
Lovage – perennial
Tastes like a cross between parsley and celery, only stronger. Good for soup.
Mint – perennial
I grow spearmint and peppermint, and I like to mix them for iced tea.
Oregano – perennial
I have a good regular oregano that I like to use in cooking, and I also grow golden oregano, of the pretty yellow leaves. I’ve tried barbecue oregano too, but lost it (I mean really lost it – How does that happen? I forget where I planted it).
Parsley – biennial
Parsley is another prolific producer. Biennial means that it will return a second year, but go straight to seed, to self-seed and start a whole crop of baby parsleys the next year. I keep alternating patches going, so that while one patch is going to seed, the other is in its year of peak production, and the next year the opposite.
It looks like Queen Anne’s Lace when it goes to seed.
Rosemary – fragile perennial
I’m so delighted: this is the first year that I babied a rosemary plant through the winter! I’ve tried everything I could think of to insulate it from the weather, but our winters are hard here, and each year I’ve seen it die. In 2017, I planted it directly in my hot bed, keeping it open for the summer but covered by that mini-greenhouse all winter. It’s still green and growing now! I’m cherishing hope that by the time it outgrows the hotbed, it will have the hardiness of several years’ worth of roots and thick trunks to keep it alive. We’ll see!
Sage – perennial in most varieties
I grow Bethlehem sage (not really an herb, just pretty), regular sage, tricolor sage, and Russian sage. I tried pineapple sage once, and it grew so big and smelled so nice; but I was sorry to find out the next year (when it didn’t come back again: ding-dong bell!) that that variety is only an annual. Bummer.
Stevia – annual in my part of the world
I saved seeds from it last year, and we’ll see if I can keep it going. My kiddos like to chew a shockingly sweet leaf.
St. John’s Wort – perennial
Here’s another tender one, hard to start. The seeds and first shoots are miniscule. But now it’s taken hold, and from what I hear, it may take over.
Tarragon – perennial
Thyme – perennial
Mother of thyme from my aunt, lemon thyme (heavenly in recipes!), and woolly thyme, which is low and furry – this is all the thyme I have.
And then I love some edible flowers mixed in among the herbs…
Calendula – easy self-seeding annual
Viola – perennial
Oh dear! Now my heart longs for spring and that therapeutic earth-digging.
What do you love to grow most of all?